HIV This Week

We are happy to present here a selection of scientific articles related to women and girls extracted from HIV This Week (link), a publication produced 26 times a year by the office of the Chief Scientific Adviser to UNAIDS.

If you want to subscribe to receive the full version of HIV This Week issues by email, you can sign up at http://www.unaids.org/Services/Subscribe.aspx?displaylang=en. You may consult all published articles on http://hivthisweek.unaids.org

Articles

26 Oct, 2009
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Science: Multiple-infection and recombination in HIV-1 within a longitudinal cohort of women

Recombination between strains of HIV-1 only occurs in individuals with multiple infections, and the incidence of recombinant forms implies that multiple infection is common. Most direct studies indicate that multiple infection is rare. Templeton and colleagues set out to determine the rate of multiple infection in a longitudinal study of 58 HIV-1 positive participants from The Women’s Interagency HIV Study with a richer sampling design than previous direct studies, and they investigated the role of recombination and sampling design on estimating the multiple infection rate.

26 Oct, 2009
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USA / Violence: Intimate partner violence perpetration, standard and gendered STI/HIV risk behaviour, and STI/HIV diagnosis among a clinic-based sample of men.

The estimated one in three women worldwide victimized by intimate partner violence consistently demonstrate elevated STI/HIV prevalence; abusive male partners’ risky sexual behaviours and subsequent infection are implicated.

26 Oct, 2009
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Masculinities: Questioning gender norms with men to improve health outcomes: Evidence of impact.

This article describes a review of 58 evaluation studies of programmes with men and boys in sexual and reproductive health (including HIV prevention, treatment, care and support); father involvement; gender-based violence; maternal, newborn and child health; and gender socialisation more broadly. While few of the programmes go beyond the pilot stage, or a relatively short-term timeframe, they offer compelling evidence that well-designed programmes with men and boys can lead to positive changes in their behaviours and attitudes related to sexual and reproductive health; maternal, newborn and c

26 Oct, 2009
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Kenya / Science: Lower risk of resistance after short-course HAART compared with Zidovudine/single-dose Nevirapine used for prev

Antiretroviral resistance after short-course regimens used to prevent mother-to-child transmission has consequences for later treatment. Directly comparing the prevalence of resistance after short-course regimens of highly active antiretroviral therapy and zidovudine plus single-dose nevirapine (ZDV/sdNVP) will provide critical information when assessing the relative merits of these antiretroviral interventions.

26 Oct, 2009
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China / Prevention-PMTCT: A case series of 104 women infected with HIV-1 via blood transfusion postnatally: high rate of HIV-1 t

Liang and colleagues investigated transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) via breast-feeding by 104 Chinese mothers who acquired the infection through blood transfusion postnatally. Of 106 children, 38 (35.8%) were infected. All children survived to age 5 years, and their survival curve was similar to that of their mothers.

26 Oct, 2009
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South Africa / Young people: Early coital debut and associated HIV risk factors among young women and men in South Africa

Young people in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Because first sexual experiences may influence a young person’s HIV risk, a better understanding of coital debut is needed. Data from a nationally representative survey that included 7,692 sexually active South African youth aged 15-24 were used to assess characteristics related to sexual debut and to respondents’ first sexual partner.

26 Oct, 2009
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South Africa / Young people: Early coital debut and associated HIV risk factors among young women and men in South Africa

Young people in South Africa are at high risk of HIV infection. Because first sexual experiences may influence a young person’s HIV risk, a better understanding of coital debut is needed. Data from a nationally representative survey that included 7,692 sexually active South African youth aged 15-24 were used to assess characteristics related to sexual debut and to respondents’ first sexual partner.

1 Sep, 2009
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South Africa / Reproductive Health: Fertility Intentions and Reproductive Health Care Needs of People Living with HIV in Cape To

Tailoring sexual and reproductive health services to meet the needs of people living with the human immuno-deficiency virus (HIV) is a growing concern but there are few insights into these issues where HIV is most prevalent.

1 Sep, 2009

World / Reproductive health: A Systematic Review of Factors Influencing Fertility Desires and Intentions Among People Living wit

With availability of antiretroviral treatments, HIV is increasingly recognised as a chronic disease people live with for many years. This paper critically reviews the current literature on fertility desires and reproductive intentions among people living with HIV and critiques the theoretical frameworks and methodologies used. A systematic review was conducted using electronic databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, Science Direct, Proquest, Jstor and CINAHL for articles published between 1990 and 2008.

1 Sep, 2009
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Haiti / Prevention-PMTCT: Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Haiti

Deschamps and colleagues set out to describe the effectiveness of a program designed to reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission of HIV at the primary HIV testing and treatment center in Haiti between 1999 and 2004.

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