HIV This Week

We are happy to present here a selection of scientific articles related to women and girls extracted from HIV This Week (link), a publication produced 26 times a year by the office of the Chief Scientific Adviser to UNAIDS.

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14 Jun, 2009

Nigeria / Gender: Mobilizing men as partners: the results of an intervention to increase dual protection among Nigerian men

This quasi-experimental, proof-of-concept study evaluated the effects of an intervention designed to help Nigerian men decrease risk for HIV, sexually transmitted infections, and unintended pregnancy. The intervention was delivered in groups during two 5-hour workshops, with a monthly 2-hour check-in session. A comparison condition consisted of a group-based half-day didactic workshop. Based on recruitment area, 149 men were assigned to the intervention and 132 to the comparison.

27 Apr, 2009

South Africa / Treatment-gender: The impact of gender and income on survival and retention in a South African antiretroviral the

Despite the rapid expansion of antiretroviral therapy services in Africa, there are few data on whether outcomes differ for women and men and what factors may drive such variation. Cornell and colleagues investigated the association of gender and income with survival and retention in a South African antiretroviral therapy programme. A total of 2196 treatment naïve adults were followed for 1 year on antiretroviral therapy.

1 Apr, 2009

Sexual Behaviour: Reported number of sexual partners: comparison of data from four African longitudinal studies.

Todd et al set out to compare reported numbers of sexual partners in Eastern and Southern Africa. Sexual partnership data from four longitudinal population-based surveys (1998-2007) in Zimbabwe, Uganda and South Africa were aggregated and overall proportions reporting more than one lifetime sexual partner calculated. A lexis-style table was used to illustrate the average lifetime sexual partners by site, sex, age group and birth cohort. The male-tofemale ratio of mean number of partnerships in the last 12 months was calculated by site and survey.