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Research / Basic Science: Una variante genética en el cromosoma X frena el avance del sida en algunas mujeres
MADRID.- Desde hace tiempo, los científicos saben que las mujeres son más vulnerables a la infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH), por motivos biológicos y sociales. Sin embargo, las diferencias de género en cuanto al progreso de la enfermedad no están claras. Unos investigadores alemanes han relacionado, por primera vez, una variante genética en el cromosoma X con un avance más lento del sida en las mujeres.
Le Dr Etienne Nnomzo'o, secrétaire permanent adjoint du Comité national de lutte contre le sida, revient sur les stratégies de vulgarisation. Qu'est-ce qui est fait au niveau du Comité national de lutte contre le sida pour vulgariser l'utilisation du préservatif féminin ? Le préservatif féminin est un moyen, comme le préservatif masculin, qui permet de lutter contre le Vih/sida en cas de rapports sexuels à risques, mais aussi des grossesses indésirées.
Cincuenta millones de mujeres en Asia se encuentran en peligro de contraer el VIH-SIDA a través de sus parejas estables masculinas que tienen hábitos sexuales de alto riesgo Así lo mostró un estudio difundido por el Programa Conjunto de las Naciones Unidas sobre VIH-SIDA, ONUSIDA. Las principales causas de los contagios a las mujeres son los hombres que pagan por servicios sexuales, los que se inyectan drogas y los que tienen relaciones sexuales con otros hombres. Se estima que nada menos que el 90% de los casi dos millones de mujeres que contrajeron la enfermedad eran monógamas y se co
Between 28 percent and 33 percent of women attending antenatal clinics in South Africa are HIV positive HIV is the main cause of death among pregnant women in Johannesburg, South Africa's most populous city, according to a five-year study of maternal mortality at one of the city's largest public hospitals. The study, published in the August 2009 issue of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, found that the maternal mortality ratio was more than six times higher in HIV-positive women (776 deaths per 100,000 births) than in HIV-negative women (124 per 100,000).
Papua has intensified its campaign promoting the use of female condoms, after reports emerged of an increase in HIV/AIDS infections among residents. Papua HIV/AIDS Commission (KPA) chairman Constant Karma said his organization had worked with local NGOs and large corporations to distribute female condoms to more than 265,000 women. Recipients had included women from high-risk groups including sex workers. Mothers and housewives were targeted, because there had been an increase in HIV/AIDS infections among housewives over the past two years, Constant said at a press conference on t
It is estimated that more than 90% of the 1.7 million women living with HIV in Asia became infected from their husbands or partners while in long-term relationships.
ScienceDaily (Aug. 9, 2009) — University of Utah scientists developed a new kind of "molecular condom" to protect women from AIDS in Africa and other impoverished areas. Before sex, women would insert a vaginal gel that turns semisolid in the presence of semen, trapping AIDS virus particles in a microscopic mesh so they can't infect vaginal cells "The first step in the complicated process of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection in a woman is the virus diffusing from semen to vaginal tissue.
Pretoria - HIV prevalence among pregnant women has stabilised at around 29%, Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi said on Monday."The prevalence among women aged 25 and above has stabilised at high and unacceptable levels," Motsoaledi said in Pretoria, releasing the 2008 results of a survey of antenatal HIV. He said the report was a useful tool to observe trends and increase commitment to the implementation of government policies, as well as to provide feedback to health workers. In 2007 antenatal HIV prevalence was 29.4% and in 2008 29.3%. 33 927 took part in survey About 33 927 women aged
Investment in the health and the rights of girls and women can help economic recovery, civil society groups are telling G8 leaders. The big issues on the G8 agenda - food security, poverty, climate change and global health - are all connected to gender equality, they say. Many think investment in women is itself a solution. "If we invest in women, many problems will be solved," Sylvia Borren, co- chair of the Global Call to Action Against Poverty (GCAP) told IPS. Women have told their stories at hearings held by the gender task force at GCAP.
The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare has come up with a new strategy to fight HIV transmission, targeting old men who seduce young girls to have sex with them. According to the ministry, girls aged between 15 to 19, are more vulnerable to HIV infection through cash and gifts they get from old men who might be infected by the virus.
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