In addition to being more physiologically and socially vulnerable to infection, women also disproportionately suffer the epidemic’s negative effects. As the primary caregivers in Africa and other regions, women have seen their household and community burdens grow as a result of HIV, often compromising their health, their ability to generate income, and other markers of well-being. Women account for two thirds of all caregivers for people living with HIV in Africa (Secretary-General’s Task Force, 2004).
Women who are widowed as a result of HIV are at high risk of becoming destitute as a result of legal regimes that fail to recognize or protect women’s right to inherit property.
Measures to expand women’s economic opportunities
Among low-income women in Africa, those having some type of formal or informal work are less likely to die than those who lack work. Accordingly, increasing women’s financial options helps to mitigate some of the epidemic’s most harmful effects. Microfinance initiatives are frequently cited as a possible means to empower women by increasing their economic independence. A randomized controlled trial of a microfinance initiative in the Philippines recently found that access to a microsavings account improved women’s decision-making within the household, enhanced their self-perception of savings behaviour, and positively affected actual consumption of durable goods.
In one of the most extensive studies of womenfocused microfinance initiatives, researchers examined the impact of an intervention that combined microfinance with participatory
training on HIV infection, gender norms, domestic violence, and sexuality. Although no impact on HIV incidence was observed, the combined microfinance initiative was associated
with a reduction of more than half of physical and sexual violence by an intimate partner. The study also found significant improvements across a broad range of qualitative indicators of
To make microfinance feasible, initiatives should address transport and literacy barriers that many women confront in accessing financial assistance. In addition, microfinance programmes should include community-based work with men, to address traditional gender norms and the resistance of some men to women-focused financial assistance.
The latest from the GCWA
20 Aug, 2012|
11 Jul, 2012|
Impact of the global economic crisis on women
12 Jun, 2012|
Infographic on Women and AIDS
6 Jun, 2012|
Donor Brief: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria
6 Feb, 2012|
To access the document, click here/Чтобы получить доступ к документу нажмите здесь: Harm Reduction Brief (2012) Russian.pdf
30 Nov, 2011|
24 Aug, 2011|
What Works for Women and Girls: Evidence for HIV/AIDS Interventions, now available at www.whatworksforwomen.org, is a comprehensive review of successful HIV programming for women and girls spanning data from more than 2,000 scientific articles and reports in nearly 100 countries. Published by the Open Society Foundations’ Public Health Program, this valuable resource provides a centralized, searchable location for policymakers, donors, and program planners to review evidence of effective gender-specific programming. With scarce resources for HIV and AIDS programs—and a gro
8 Jun, 2011|
At the United Nations in New York, leader are gathering to chart the future of the global response to HIV.
20 Dec, 2009|
WASHINGTON (WOMENSENEWS)--Ice was broken here in early December among three powerful groups of South Asian women. About 20 female parliamentarians, journalists and staff members of nonprofit groups in South Asia left Washington, D.C., with strategies they believed could reduce the current specter of women losing their homes after caring for spouses who died of AIDS, as well as aiding HIV-positive women who are unable to reach rural clinics and teens who aren't aware of how to prevent the infection. They were also carrying with them a loose agreement to work together within their region to sto
1 Dec, 2009|
Last month my second son, Jack, would have been 17 years old, were it not for AIDS. That’s how long ago that I learnt that I am HIV positive. I was 33. That means a third of my life has now been spent with my knowing that I share my body with this bug. How does that make me feel? Physically speaking, I am very healthy, You can see that just by looking at me. My CD4 count is 650 or so and last month I cycled 45 miles one day on holiday – and apart from a sore bum, felt just fine.