sexual and reproductive health
Reproductive health, which addresses the reproductive processes, functions and systems at all stages of life, is aimed at enabling men and women to have responsible, satisfying and safe sex lives, as well as the capacity and freedom to plan if, when and how often to have children.
The relationships between HIV and sexual and reproductive health are well recognized. The overwhelming majority of HIV infections are sexually transmitted or associated with pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Underlying social and economic factors such as poverty and gender inequality contribute to both HIV transmission and poor sexual and reproductive health. By linking initiatives for sexual and reproductive health and HIV multiplies opportunities for preventing and treating sexually transmitted infections including HIV, providing family planning and maternal and child health services, and providing treatment and care for people living with HIV.
Key concerns of reproductive health include the treatment and control of sexually transmitted infections that increase the vulnerability to HIV infection and the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of the virus. Another important focus for reproductive health services is adolescents, who have special needs for care and support during the transition to adulthood and the initiation of sexual relationships – needs that require an even more urgent response since the emergence of AIDS. Yet for a variety of reasons, the reproductive health of young people is particularly neglected and many millions lack the information, skills and equipment to prevent contracting or passing on HIV or other diseases or to avoid unwanted pregnancy.
In 1994, the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) outlined a Programme of Action (the Cairo Consensus) focused on empowering women and meeting people's needs for education and health, including reproductive health. Since then, the international community has actively developed and monitored a series of policies, strategies and actions to actualize the goals of the Cairo Consensus. Central to these policies is addressing the impact of HIV on individuals and on development overall.
The latest from the GCWA
2 Apr, 2012|
US government travel restrictions for sex workers mean that many of us will not be able, orwill not want to go to the IAC in Washington this year. The Sex Worker Freedom Festival is an alternative event for sex workers and our allies to protest our exclusion and ensure the voices of those excluded are heard in Washington.
27 Mar, 2012|
This information note seeks to provide our membership with key information about the upcoming CPD. To access the document, please click here: GCWA-Conference-on-Population-and-Development-info.pdf If you have questions or would like more information, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
1 Mar, 2012|
Women's Meaningful Participation in the scale-up of Vertical Transmission Programmes
1 Mar, 2012|
HIV vertical transmission: Building women's meaningful participation in the scale-up of prevention of vertical transmission programmes
The AIDS Legal Network (ALN), South Africa, and the Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA), in partnership with a diversity of networks of women living with and affected by HIV, and women’s rights advocates from the sexual and reproductive health and rights movement, are pleased to share the briefing paper: Building women’s meaningful participation in the scale-up of prevention of vertical transmission programmes.pdf This paper emerges from the virtual consultation undertaken in late 2011, which sought to support the implementation of the Global Plan, with a particular foc
6 Feb, 2012|
To access the document, click here/Чтобы получить доступ к документу нажмите здесь: Harm Reduction Brief (2012) Russian.pdf
7 Dec, 2011|
West and Central Africa: a 12-year-old girl acquires HIV through a blood transfusion. Her parents isolate her inside the house, pushing food to her on a stick. A decade later she is denied admission to university on the basis of her HIV status. In this young woman’s words: “I won’t sleep until young women living with HIV are given a voice and a platform to speak.” Southern and East Africa: a girl child is raped and acquires HIV. In her teens she develops a fistula. Doctors tell her it’s normal for a young woman living with HIV.
30 Nov, 2011|
28 Nov, 2011|
The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS (GCWA), the International Network of Women who Use Drugs (INWUD), and the Women’s Harm Reduction International Network (WHRIN) are pleased to present a new issue brief regarding women who use drugs on HIV, harm reduction and sexual and reproductive health and rights.
7 Oct, 2011|
Launch of the Young Women's Leadership Initiative at the IAS
19 Sep, 2011|
Vertical Transmission of HIV: Building women’s meaningful participation in the Global Plan for Elimination of HIV infection in Children and Keeping Mothers Alive
The Global Coalition on Women and AIDS is partnering with the AIDS Legal Network (ALN) to build women’s meaningful participation in the Global Plan for Elimination of HIV infection in Children and Keeping Mothers Alive. The virtual consultation will focus on the 22 priority countries identified in the Global Plan. As such, there will be particular emphasis placed on outreach within those countries, working in partnership with networks of women living with HIV and women’s rights and sexual and reproductive health and rights organizations.