Violence against women

Get up to date on all the issues related to violence against women and HIV - PDF iconIssue Brief - Stopping violence against women and girls for effective HIV responses.pdf

Below is a non-exhaustive list of the major global and regional initiatives in this field

UN agencies


Gender-Based Violence and HIV

Objectives: Consolidating the existing evidence from peer-reviewed studies on the intersections between GBV and HIV, presenting the findings, identifying gaps in research, and highlighting key messages.
Contact person: Lynn Collins,

Engaging Men and Boys in Gender Equality and Health: A Global Toolkit for Action

Objectives This report is part of the Fund’s efforts to provide tools to help further institutionalize this area of work within the organization, as per the UNFPA Strategic Framework on Gender Mainstreaming and Women’s Empowerment which has identified engaging men and boys as one of six priority themes.  It contains text on specific sexual and reproductive health issues as well as accompanying hands-on/how-to tools for each respective theme. 
Contact person: Leyla Sharafi

Good Practices of Programs Engaging Boys and Men in Gender, Sexual and Reproductive Health in Asia and Africa

Objectives: This report is part of the Fund’s efforts to build a knowledge and evidence base that will help further institutionalize this area of work within the organization, as per the UNFPA Strategic Framework on Gender Mainstreaming and Women’s Empowerment which has identified engaging men and boys as one of six priority themes.  It contains cases studies on male involvement on gender-transformative programmes implemented by civil society partners, including from the Philippines, Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Uganda.
Contact person: Leyla Sharafi

Men and Boys In HIV Prevention, Treatment, Care and Support: Good Practices

Objectives: The purpose of this document is to provide and share with programme planners, health providers, peer educators, advocates and others, the good practices on engaging men and boys in the promotion of gender-equity, specifically, in sexual and reproductive health, and HIV and AIDS prevention, treatment, care and support. Nine (9) case studies have been developed to highlight good practices

Technical Consultation on Engaging Men and Boys in Gender Equality and HIV

Objectives of the Consultative meeting: Develop a common understanding of the rationale and key principles for engaging men and boys in promoting health and gender equity; Share findings on promising interventions and policies for engaging diverse groups of men and young boys in promoting health and gender-equity along with new programmes and technical tools; Identify ways of implementing and institutionalizing the promising practices with key stakeholders including government and faith-based organizations while building on UNFPA’s Strategic Framework on Gender Mainstreaming and Women’s Empowerment and the Framework for Action on Adolescents and Youth.
Contact person: Leyla Sharafi,, Mary Otieno,

Conversations for Change

Conversations for a Better World is a shared blog about the burning issues of our time, especially population, health and gender. It is a place on the Internet, where people exchange ideas and opinions,  a place for us to be ourselves. The idea is to get people talking about how we can co-create a better world.


United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking (UN.GIFT) and International Office for Migration (IOM)

Caring for Trafficked Persons:  Guidance for Health Providers

Objectives: To provide practical, non-clinical guidance for health care providers working with victims of trafficking in persons, to help them understand TIP, recognize some of the health problems associated with trafficking and to consider safe and appropriate approaches to providing health care for trafficked persons. 
Contact person: Sheila Coutts, UN.GIFT Consultant; UNODC Vienna;


Engaging Men and Boys in Refugee Settings to address sexual and gender based violence (SGBV)

Objectives: Awareness raising for UNHCR staff, people of concern (PoC ) to UNHCR and NGO partners on addressing masculinities; Skills building for UNHCR staff, PoC to UNHCR, and NGO partners on how to integrate masculinities into programs to address SGBV and promote gender equality; Development of a critical mass of trainers to undertake training on masculinities across East, Horn, Great Lakes and SADC region in Africa
Contact person: Caroline Dulin Aasheim, Associate Programme Officer,  

Involving Men and Boys in Combating SGBV

Objectives: Awareness raising/skills development for working with men and boys and thereby contribute to the goal of creating a critical mass of women and men who will be role models in demonstrating positive masculinities, combating SGBV and the spread of HIV/AIDS and promoting gender equality.
Contact person: Caroline Dulin Aasheim, Associate Programme, 

Sexual and Gender Based Violence in DRC:  Protection and Prevention

Objectives: Prevent and /or mitigate threats and reduce vulnerability and exposure to sexual violence; Strengthen resilience of survivors of sexual violence; Create a protective environment.
Contact person: Martine Dery, Senior Regional Global HIV/AIDS Coordinator,


Addressing Sexual Violence against Girls

Objectives: establishment of in-country violence prevention stations; extension of support services including health care to victims of sexual violence; pursuit of changes in national policies, law enforcement and social norms to protect vulnerable children (particularly girls) from sexual violence
Contact person; Regina Castillo, UNAIDS Private Sector Partnerships, castillor@unaids


UNITE: UN Secretary General’s Campaign to End Violence Against Women

Africa Wide Campaign to End Violence Against Women

Anticipated Results: Increase number of National Action Plans to end violence against women
Contact person: Dorothy Davis, Campaign Manager

UNITE West Africa

Objectives: To mobilize and support Governments in ECOWAS region in fulfilling their commitment to ending violence against women and girls, through mobilization of a wide range of key actors; and to empower women and their communities in stopping gender based violence and demanding accountability.
Contact person: Cecile Mukarubuga, Campaign Coordinator,

UN Action

Stop Rape Now

Countries where there is a UN Peacekeeping Operations with a protection of civilians Objectives: To end sexual violence in conflict by improving coordination and accountability, amplifying programming and advocacy, and supporting national efforts to prevent sexual violence and respond effectively to the needs of survivors.
Contact Person: Gillian Holmes, Co


Strengthening of National and Regional Capacities in Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Persons in Central America

Objectives: To build legal, institutional and operational capacities of Public Prosecutors Offices and national police bodies of Central America to better prevent, investigate and prosecute trafficking in persons offences as well as to provide protection to victims/witnesses.
Contact person: Felipe De La Torre,


Preventing intimate partner and sexual violence. Taking action and generating evidence.

Objectives: This document, in the final editing stage, provides evidence and technical guidance on how to take action to prevent intimate partner and sexual violence and generate evidence about the impacts and outcomes of such actions.
Expected publication date: November 2009

Sexual violence: strengthening the health sector response

Objectives: Policy framework to respond to improve health sector responses to sexual violence by assisting decision-makers to design health policy and service measures that will provide comprehensive, sensitive and quality care to victims of sexual violence.
Contact person: Claudia Garcia-Moreno,

Violence against women and HIV/AIDS: what works?

Objective: Review and meeting of programmatic interventions to address the intersections of violence and HIV, with a focus on intimate partner and sexual violence and violence against sex workers.
Contact person: Claudia Garcia-Moreno,  

Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women

Objectives: Study aims were to: estimate the prevalence of violence against women, with particular emphasis on physical, sexual and emotional violence by male intimate partners; assess the extent to which intimate- partner violence is associated with a range of health outcomes; identify factors that may either protect or put women at risk of partner violence; document and compare the strategies and services that women use to deal with violence by an intimate partner.
Contact person: Claudia Garcia-Moreno; 

Governmental and civil society organizations

Centre for Women’s Global Leadership


16 Days of Activism Against Gender Violence

Objectives: Recognizing that violence against women affects people from every country, race, class, culture, and religion, the 16 Days Campaign provides an opportunity for activists to work together in solidarity and draw upon this period of heightened international attention to gain support for their local efforts.
Contact person: Keely Swan,

Gender and Health Research Unit Medical Research Council, South Africa


Sexual violence research initiative (SVRI)

Contact person: Claudia Garcia-Moreno, 

Global AIDS Alliance


Zero Tolerance: Stop Violence against Women and Children, End HIV/AIDS

Objectives: To promote a comprehensive, multisectoral response to violence against women and girls (VAWG) and violence against children (VAC) more broadly, in order to mitigate the impact of violence on HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment and to address this fundamental human rights violation in its own right. See overview of 7 Pillars.
Contact person: Lisa Schechtman,

Sub-Saharan Safe Schools Initiative

Objectives: To raise awareness and improve policies, infrastructure, legal enforcement and community engagement for the prevention of school-related violence (violence while on school grounds or on the way to or from school), recognizing that school-related violence reduces the quality of education and access, retention and success, which limits HIV and VAWG prevention.
Contact person: Lisa Schechtman,

Zero Tolerance Network: Stop Violence against Women and Girls, mobilized by the Global AIDS + MDGs Action Network (GAMAN)

Objectives: To leverage and support the UNAIDS Priority Area Network on Violence against Women and Girls by forging alliances between local and global stakeholders across government, civil society and private sector to hold stakeholders accountable for progress toward results, advancing human rights, incorporating participatory and locally-owned mechanisms, and others.
Contact person: Paul Zeitz,, Lisa Schechtman,

CW – Latina (Regional Network of Women Living with HIV in LAC)


More Peace less AIDS

Objectives: To achieve the Nobel Prize to Patricia Perez – Ex President of ICW – Latina; to give visibility to the epidemic in the region; to involve policy makers in the AIDS Response
Contact person: Patricia Perez



The Male Norms Initiative

Objectives: The Male Norms Initiative aims to scale up coordinated, evidence-based interventions to address male norms and behaviors in an effort to reduce HIV risk in Ethiopia, Namibia and Tanzania.

The Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV) Initiative

Objectives: This initiative complements ongoing efforts to develop an evidence base on sexual violence programming in Africa, while simultaneously strengthening health services for victims, referrals from health facilities to other support services, and linkages between communities and health services in order to facilitate access to services. 

Vulnerable Girls Initiative to Reduce Adolescent Girls’ Vulnerability to HIV, also known as the Go Girls!

Objectives: This PEPFAR initiative seeks to develop, implement and test multifaceted interventions to reduce girls’ susceptibility to HIV infection.

Integrating Multiple Gender Strategies to Improve HIV/AIDS Interventions

Objectives: This PEPFAR Gender Initiative examines promising practices in programs that address multiple gender interventions in the context of HIV/AIDS.

Partnership Framework

Objectives: Partnership Frameworks provide a 5-year joint strategic framework for cooperation between the U.S. Government, the partner government, and other partners to combat HIV/AIDS in the host country through service delivery, policy reform, and coordinated financial commitments.
Relevant web links:

Program on Interna

Gender-Based Violence and HIV: Empirical Evidence, Identification of Gaps and Implications for Programming

Objectives: To consolidate the existing evidence base and extract key findings on linkages between gender-based violence and HIV; to identify research gaps; to determine implications for future policy and programming, as well as research and advocacy efforts
For more information and resources:

Evaluating the Impact of Integrating Legal Support and HIV services– focus on sexual violence and HIV

Objectives: Evaluate the impact of three organizations integrating health and legal services, including post-rape care, and provide information that will inform the use and scale-up of this approach moving forward
For more information and resources:

Pregnancy Intentions of HIV-infected Women: Forwarding the Research Agenda

Objectives: Move forward debates on the linkages between sexual and reproductive health and HIV; With due attention to gender-based violence, bring together various actors across both the sexual and reproductive health and HIV/AIDS fields to develop a comprehensive research agenda that bridges the biomedical and social sciences in order to support the pregnancy intentions of HIV-infected women
For more information and resources:

Regional Coalition of Women Leaders and First Ladies

Objectives: Improve political engagement of Governments and policy makers in the AIDS Response in the Region Violence Against Women and Women empowerment for leadership improvement is also tackled
Contact person: Victor Rojas

White Ribbon Campaign

The White Ribbon Campaign (WRC) is the largest effort in the world of men working to end violence against women (VAW). In over fifty-five countries, campaigns are led by both men and women, even though the focus is on educating men and boys. In some countries it is a general public education effort focused on ending violence against women.

Women Won’t Wait (Secretariat ActionAid)

End HIV and Violence Against Women Now

Campaign Goal: Greater recognition by all relevant actors that gender-based violence against women and girls and HIV&AIDS are mutually reinforcing and fundamentally linked health and human rights crises and require commitment and action through comprehensive and rights-based approaches to ensure adequate attention to address the intersection of VAW/G and HIV&AIDS. 
Contact person: Neelanjana Mukhia, Manager, Women Won’t Wait, International Secretariat,